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Types of toothbrushes

Toothbrushes are arguably the most important tool that helps us to maintain proper oral hygiene. They help to remove the dirt and the germs from the teeth and help in preserving happier and healthier smiles. Toothbrushes have been used in various forms to keep the teeth clean throughout history, with newer developments in time making it more user friendly yet efficient in its operation of cleaning the teeth. Nowadays, a wide variety of toothbrushes are available in the market, and they can be broadly divided in the following three groups.

Manual toothbrushes –
The original form of toothbrushes, these toothbrushes have been used to present in various forms since the beginning of history and have gone through radical changes as time passed. From being made out of animal bones in historic times, modern manual toothbrushes are generally made up of composite materials. As the name implies, manual toothbrushes require manual effort in order to be used to clean the teeth. Materials such as nylon are used for making the bristles of these toothbrushes, while the handles are made from hard plastic for rigidity and grip. Manual toothbrushes have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. The biggest advantage of manual toothbrushes is the fact that it is extremely lightweight and easy to carry. Many toothbrushes now have an inbuilt tongue cleaner too which makes them more useful in maintaining oral hygiene. The absence of timers in manual toothbrushes makes it difficult to determine the adequate time required to brush all the teeth in an efficient manner.

Electric toothbrushes –
Electrical toothbrushes provide a cleaning effect which was impossible to be provided by manual toothbrushes. They a few highly effective in cleaning off plaque and bacteria off the teeth and were first produced in Switzerland. Nowadays many kinds and variations of electric toothbrushes are available in the market with varying power levels and a plethora of features designed to make brushing an effortless yet hassle free process. Electric toothbrushes work on different motion techniques, namely, rotation motion techniques and to and fro motion techniques. The biggest advantage offered by electric toothbrushes are their ability to automate the cleaning process of the teeth. The built in timers make sure one brushes their teeth for the optimum amount of time, and the pressure sensors inform the users in case they are applying too much of force while brushing their teeth. They also have lights or displays that provide information about the different aspects of the toothbrush. The biggest con of electric toothbrushes are that it needs to be charged and cannot function without power. They can be bulkier than manual toothbrushes and are also prone to break.

Chewable toothbrushes –
The newest form if toothbrushes in the market, they have been found to be extremely effective against the removal of bacteria and other pathogens from the teeth and the mouth. They are made of xylitol, which is majorly used in chewing gums, along with aqua and gelatin. An inclusive yet highly efficient technique, chewable toothbrushes do not need the usage of toothpaste or even water. The biggest con is the presence of gelatin which makes it unsuitable for those with a vegetarian diet. But research is being carried out to produce chewable toothbrushes without having gelatin in them to cater to even more people.